ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Eman A. El-Masry1,2 , Ahmed E. Taha1,3 and Soma E. Ajlan2
1Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology Unit, College of Medicine, Jouf University, Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia.
2Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt.
3Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(4):2394-2402 | Article Number: 7269
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.4.64 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 23/08/2021 | Accepted: 09/11/2021 | Published: 23/11/2021
Abstract

There is a possible link between exposure to Triclosan (TCS) and changes in antimicrobial susceptibility. The change in the tolerance of clinical Escherichia coli (n=45) isolates to the biocide TCS, changes in antibiotic resistance and differences in the efflux pump mechanism were analyzed. 45 E. coli isolates were obtained. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of TCS, and the expression of four efflux pump encoding genes in antibiotic-resistant isolates were determined before and after TCS adaptation. The number of  TCS-tolerant isolates was 11 (24.4%). After adaptation, the percentage of tolerant isolates increased to 42.2% (n=19). A significant change (p<0.05) in antimicrobial resistance of the tested isolates (n=45) before and after TCS adaptation was detected for ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, ertapenem, imipenem, amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and doxycycline. Among the new TCS tolerant isolates (n=8). there was an increase in TCS MIC as well as the MBC after TSC adaptation. The adapted isolates exhibited a significant increase in the expression of mdfA and norE genes (p=<0.001). There is a strong correlation between efflux pump gene overexpression and susceptibility to TCS and other antimicrobials.

Keywords

Triclosan, Efflux pump, MIC, Cross-resistance, Escherichia coli

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