The current research demonstrates the biotechnological economization of accumulated and inefficiently used agro-industrial orange peel wastes to generate amylase, endoglucanase, exoglucanase, pectinase, and xylanase, industrially essential enzymes with growing demands in enzyme markets, from three Cladosporium isolates. In submerged fermentation (SmF) at 10°C, the isolate AUMC 10865 produced the highest level of amylase (4164 IU/gram dry substrate). Endoglucanase, exoglucanase and xylanase had development peaks (923 IU/gds, 2280 IU/gds, and 1646 IU/gds, respectively in case of Cladosporium sp. AUMC 11366. Pectinase produced the most (7840 IU/gds) in the strain AUMC 11340. At 30°C, the strain AUMC 11340 secretes the most amylase (4120 IU/gds), endoglucanase (2700 IU/gds) and xylanase (3220 IU/gds). Exoglucanase development reached the peak (8750 IU/gds) in the isolate AUMC 10865. The overall production (5570 IU/gds) was instead enhanced by pectinase in the AUMC 11366 isolate. In solid-state fermentation (SSF) at 10°C, the isolate AUMC 10865 outperformed the other two isolates producing 640.0 IU/gds amylase, 763.3 IU/gds endoglucanase, 771.0 IU/gds exoglucanase, 1273.23 IU/gds pectinase and 1062.0 IU/gds xylanase, while the isolate AUMC 11366 produced the least amount of 399.7 IU/gds, 410.0 IU/gds, 413.3 IU/gds, 558.7 IU/gds, and 548.0 IU/gds, respectively. At 30°C, the isolate AUMC 11340 was superiorly producing higher levels of amylase (973.3 IU/gds), endoglucanase (746.0 IU/gds), exoglucanase (1052.0 IU/gds), pectinase (1685.3 IU/gds) and xylanase (1340.0 IU/gds), whereas isolate AUMC 10865 generated the least amounts of amylase (556.7 IU/gds) and exoglucanase (452.7 IU/gfs), and the isolate AUMC 11366 produced the least endoglucanase (256.3 IU/gds), pectinase (857.7 IU/gfs) and xylanase (436.3 IU/gds) amounts.
Agro-industrial, Bioconversion, Cladosporium, Enzymes, Fermentation
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