ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Rupinder Bakshi1, Sarjiwan Kaur1 and Vikram Jeet Singh Gill2
1Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.
2All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(4):2170-2176 | Article Number: 7153
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.4.40 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 05/07/2021 | Accepted: 04/10/2021 | Published: 02/11/2021
Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a microbial contamination of the bladder and related organs. Study subjects were those who had no structural anomaly and no co-occurring diseases, such as diabetes, or were either immunocompromised or pregnant. Simple UTI is also defined as cystitis or inferior UTI. This study was a prospective, single center study conducted at a tertiary level clinic and its associated bacteriology laboratory. Patients whose urine tests were collected by the microbiology test center over a 6-month period were enrolled in the study. Culture and vulnerability results were obtained directly from the microbiology test center. Of the 1306 samples obtained, 888 (68%) were from females and 418 (32%) from males. This study identified the predominant UTI-causing microbes and the associated antimicrobial vulnerabilities. In males, Escherichia coli (36.8%) was the predominant microbe followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae 19.8%, Proteus spp. 17.4%, Staphylococcus aureus 10.0%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 5.5%, Citrobacter spp. 5.0%, Staphylococcus saprophyticus 0.7%, Enterococcus faecalis 1.4%, and Acinetobacter spp. 0.7%. In females, E. coli (49.4%) was predominant, whereas Acinetobacter spp. (0.3%) was the least dominant. The considerable susceptibility of E. coli to meropenem (73.6%) and imipenem (73.5%) was similar to that reported in different investigations across India. In this study, the susceptibility of E. coli to piperacillin + tazobactam and ciprofloxacin was 42.7% and 14.3%, respectively. Stewardship of urinalysis and urine culture, especially among clinicians might be a successful upstream strategy for reducing inappropriate antimicrobial use for UTI. Thus, it is critical to routinely screen for resistance or susceptibility in samples of uropathogens, so the protocols for proper antibiotic treatment can be enhanced to incorporate antimicrobials with less resistance, supporting physicians in the appropriate treatment of UTIs resulting in insignificant remedial disappointments.

Keywords

Urinary tract infection, Uropathogens, Antimicrobial susceptibility

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