ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Nidhi Pandey1, Garima Mittal1 , Nitika Agarwal2, Barnali Kakati1 and R.K. Agarwal1
1Department of Microbiology, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
2Department of Pediatrics, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, SRHU, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(4):2136-2141 | Article Number: 6167 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 16/03/2021 | Accepted: 13/09/2021 | Published: 04/10/2021

Pneumonia continues to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Pneumonia is the leading killer of children worldwide. For the diagnosis of pneumonia, the World Health Organization has introduced guidelines for the management of cases to reduce the mortality of these diseases on the basis of simple clinical signs followed by the empirical treatment with antibiotics. More than 99% of deaths related to pneumonia among children occur in countries having a low and middle income. To study the Radiological finding of Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) in children. Across sectional study was conducted in which the sample size for the study was calculated from the expected prevalence of CAP based on other studies (74%). The sample size calculated by the required criterion for this study is 96. I was able to cover 118 patients as per the inclusion criteria in this study. The Patients of pediatric age groups and either sex attending tertiary care hospital with complaints suggestive of CAP. In this study total number of patients are 118 included who presented with the signs and symptoms suggestive of pneumonia. The findings of chest X-Ray of Right Lung with respect to different bacterial agents. Consolidation of the Right upper lobe is found to be statistically significant with respect to Streptococcus pneumonia and consolidation of the right lower lobe is found to be statistically significant with respect to bacteria Staphylococcus aureus whereas there is no statistically significant association with respect to other bacteria. The radiological finding of CAP in children attending pediatric OPD was observed that there was no association with any other bacteria.


Community Acquired Pneumonia(CAP), Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP), chest X-Ray (CXR)

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