ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
D. Saikeerthana , P. Prabha, V. Vijayashree and Gogula N.M. Krishna
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College and ESI Hospital, Coimbatore – 641 015, Tamilnadu, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(4):1940-1946 | Article Number: 6889
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.4.15 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 10/02/2021 | Accepted: 25/08/2021 | Published: 13/10/2021
Abstract

The major problem encountered in recent days due to the advent of emerging antimicrobial resistance strains is Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs). The spread of HAI is mainly through the hospital staff and the hospital settings’ inanimate surfaces. The study includes the surveillance of hospital surfaces, including wards and ICUs, by taking swabs dipped in normal saline. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (53.8%) was found to be the most common pathogen isolated, followed by Klebsiella species (18%), Methicillin-Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (16%), Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci (6%), Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (3%). The widespread presence of bacterial sensitivity to antimicrobials and the modifications insensitivity forms the basis for designing antibacterial therapy’s practical recommendations and rational use of antimicrobials. Proper display of all Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) materials at appropriate places play a significant role in preventing nosocomial infections. Audiovisual aids and training to the staff play utmost importance in preventing the spread of HAIs. All these can reduce the occurrence and outbreak of nosocomial conditions. Overall, these minimize health care costs.

Keywords

Hospital Acquired Infections, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Information, Education and Communication, Klebsiella species, antimicrobial resistance

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© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.