ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Ola IM El-Hamshary1 , Sarah K. Abdullah2 and NH Al-Twaty2
1Department of Microbial, Genetics National Research Centre, Cairo, Egypt.
2Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(2):983-997 | Article Number: 6775
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.2.57 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 17/11/2020 | Accepted: 22/05/2021 | Published: 01/06/2021
Abstract

The aim was to study the microbiological quality of Domiaty and Hungarian cheeses, molecular identification and biofilm formation of some selected contaminant bacteria. Samples were collected from two M and P big markets in Jeddah City through the period from February to October 2018, nine visits for two types of natural cheese. Results showed that the total bacterial counts (CFU/ml) from Domiaty cheese from two markets (M and P) were 0.1 x 105, 8 x 105 and 1 x 10 5 CFU/ml respectively (3 visits of M market) and 4 x 106, 0.4 x 106, 6.5 x 103, 1 x 103, 0.1 x 103 and 0.1 x 103 CFU/ml respectively (six samples from 6 visits from P market). Results showed that the total bacterial counts (CFU/ml) from Hungarian cheese were 1.5 x 10 5, 1x 10 4, 11 x 10 4 and 4 x10 6 CFU/ml respectively from (4 visits of M market) and 0.18 x 104, 3 x 106, 22 x 106, 6 x 106 and 5 x 104 CFU/ml respectively (5 visits from P market). Different bacterial isolates from cheese were identified by morphology and biochemical test. Bacterial isolates from cheeses were identified by VITEK MS as follow: Serratia liquefaciens (D6-1, D6-2, D14-1, D13-1 and D13-2), and Pseudomonas fluorescens (D14-2) were isolated from Domiaty cheese while Enterococcus faecium (H11-2), Serratia liquefaciens (H15-1) and Streptococcus thermophilus (H14-1) were isolated from Hungarian cheese. Some selected bacterial isolates were identified by 16S rRNA. Isolates were belong to MK757978 (Raoultilla terrigena (D15-1)), MK757979 (Bacillus cereus (D16-1)), MK757980 (Enterococcus faecalis (H10-2)), MK757982 (Enterococcus fiscalism (H11-1)), MK757981 (Serratia liquefactions (H13-1)), MK757984 (Anoxybacillus flavithermus (H17-1). All bacterial isolates have been tested for the formation of biofilm using a Tissue Culture Plate (TCP). Results revealed 12.5% and 46.15% of high biofilm formation respectively for bacterial isolates of Domiaty and Hungarian cheeses.

Keywords

Domiaty and Hungarian cheeses, S. liquefaciens, P. fluorescens, Anoxybacillus flavithermus, 16S rRNA, biofilm detection

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© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.