Nowadays, a lot of interest has been given to the development of cost-effective and efficient enzyme production technologies. Laccase enzymes are widely used in biotechnological, environmental and industrial sectors. Due to the cost-effectiveness of the solid-state fermentation (SSF) process, it is widely used to produce a broad range of biological products. In this study, optimization of moisture content, temperature, pH, and inoculum size were studied to enhance laccase production ability of Pleurotus sajor-caju in SSF by using One Factor At Time (OFAT) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM). OFAT was used as a baseline study for deducing the experimental design of RSM. The highest production of laccase enzyme (1450 U/g) by Pleurotus sajor-caju on wheat straw was observed at 26°C, 6.0 pH, 72.5 % moisture content, 7.5% inoculum size, 1% fructose and 0.5 % peptone. Unlike the conventional inoculum preparation method, here the inoculum was generated by the spawning method for SSF. The molecular weight of partially purified laccase from Pleurotus sajor-caju was estimated to be around 62 K Da using SDS PAGE. The activity staining of laccase was observed as a zymogram on Native PAGE using ABTS as a substrate. Lignin degradation of wheat straw and its structural disruption due to laccase was observed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).
Ligninolytic enzymes, Response Surface Method (RSM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
Share This Article
© The Author(s) 2021. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.