We report in this study for the first time the prevalence of multiple resistant Staphylococcus haemolyticus in clinical settings in Saudi Arabia. A total of 1060 clinical specimens of hospitalized patients were screened for the presence of S. haemolyticus in the period between September and December 2020. Primary identification of the isolates was carried out by colonial characteristics on mannitol salt agar and clumping factor test, confirmation of presumptive isolates and antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by Vitek® 2, while PCR was employed to detect mecA and vanA genes. A total of 20 S. haemolyticus isolates were recovered from 20 samples (blood cultures, urine, nasal swab, wound swab, groin swab, and axilla swab), 90% (P <0.001, x2) of the isolates were multiple resistant to three antimicrobial agents and more. Resistance to oxacillin was exhibited in 95% of the isolates, while none of the isolates were resistant to vancomycin and linezolid, yet resistance to rifampicin was observed in 30 % of the isolates. The findings of this study highlights the emerging trends of Staphylococcus haemolyticus as potential drug resistant pathogen in hospital settings in Saudi Arabia, which requires in depth investigation on molecular understanding on antimicrobial resistance and virulence traits of the strains.
Staphylococcus haemolyticus, nosocomial, antimicrobial resistance, mecA, vanA, Saudi Arabia
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