ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Ruslan Maratbekovich Iskakov1 , Assel Maratbekovna Iskakova2, Murat Zhusypbekovich Nurushev3, Altyngul Kumashevna Khaimuldinova4 and Nurlan Kazhkenovich Karbayev4
1Department of Agrarian Technique and Technology, S.Seifullin Kazakh Agro Technical University, a 62 Prospect Pobedy, Nur-Sultan, 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan.
2Department of Public Health, Semey State Medical University, 103 Abay Street, Semey, 071410, Republic of Kazakhstan.
3Department of Ecology, Eurasian National University named after L.N. Gumilyov,
2 Satpayev Street, Nur-Sultan, 010000, Republic of Kazakhstan.
4Department of Standartization and Certification, Eurasian National University named after L.N. Gumilyov, 2 Satpayev Street, Nur-Sultan, 010000,Republic of Kazakhstan.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(2):716-724 | Article Number: 6755
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.2.23 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 05/11/2020 | Accepted: 25/04/2021 | Published: 26/05/2021
Abstract

The aim of this article was to study degreasing of raw materials raw fish bone waste and animal waste. A new method was developed, aimed at intensive extraction of fat with an additional absorber- de-limonene, placed in water during high-temperature cooking of raw materials of animal origin. De-limonene is a widespread terpene hydrocarbon, and a primary component of orange peel oil (constitutes up to 80–90%). Degreasing with the inclusion of de-limonene increases the degree of hydrolysis of collagen from animal raw materials, which intensifies the extraction of fat from the processed raw materials. High-temperature cooking promotes the breakdown of triglycerides into free fatty acids, which further break down into low molecular weight products. At the end of the heat the temperature of the heating plates is 70-90 ° C, the pressure inside the boiler is 1.6,-2.4 kPa, the duration is 60-100 minutes treatment of the raw material, a two-phase system was obtained: dry fat greaves and fat. Fat was sucked off by pumps connected to digesters, and greasy greaves were sent for degreasing by pressing. The method produced broth, fat, and feed.

Keywords

Degreasing, fat, animal waste, cooking, de-limonene

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