ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access
Muhammad Jahangeer1, Rameen Fatima1, Mehvish Ashiq2, Aneela Basharat3, Sarmad Ahmad Qamar4 , Muhammad Bilal5 and Hafiz M.N. Iqbal6
1Department of Biochemistry, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
2Department of Chemistry, The Women University Multan, Multan, Pakistan.
3Department of Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
4Institute of Organic and Polymeric Materials, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, Taiwan.
5School of Life Science and Food Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian, 223003, China.
6Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Monterrey, 64849, Mexico.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2021;15(2):471-483 | Article Number: 6872
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.15.2.04 | © The Author(s). 2021
Received: 24/01/2021 | Accepted: 09/03/2021 | Published: 31/03/2021
Abstract

Terpenoids are the most diverse and largest class of chemicals of the innumerable plant-based compounds. Plants carry out a number of essential growth and production functions using terpenoid metabolites. In contrast, most terpenoids are used in the abiotic and biotic systems for complex chemical interactions and defense. Terpenoids derived from plants mostly used humans for pharmaceutical, food, and chemical industries in the past. However, recently biofuel products have been developed by terpenoids. The metabolism of high-quality terpenoids in plants and microbes is facilitated in synthetic biology by genomic resources and emerging tools. Further focus has been given to the ecological value of terpenoids for establishing effective pesticide control approaches and abiotic stress protection. The awareness of the diverse metabolic and molecular regulatory networks for terpenoid biosynthesis needs to be increased continuously in all these efforts. This review gives an overview and highlights current improvements in our understanding of the organization, regulation, and diversification of core and specialized terpenoid metabolic pathways and discusses the prominent therapeutic roles of terpenoids. This review provides an overview and highlights recent literature in our understanding about the biomedical and therapeutic importance of terpenoids, regulation as well as the diversion of core and specialized metabolized terpenoid pathways.

Keywords

Terpenoids, Biomedical, Therapeutic, Pharmaceutical, Bioactivities

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