ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access

Hiran Kanti Santra and Debdulal Banerjee

Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Forestry, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore – 721 102, West Bengal, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020;14(suppl 1):799-816 | Article Number: 6308
Received: 26/04/2020 | Accepted: 30/04/2020 | Published: 03/05/2020
Abstract

COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has not only issued a pandemic situation but also lead to economic disaster and unprecedented health emergency. Being a close relative of Bat corona-virus, SARS and MERS it’s structural and sequence similarity has abled scientists for repurposing of popular drugs like hydroxychloroquine, cloroquine and also scavenging for lead molecules by in-silico and in-vivo or in-vitro approach. The potent drug targets are ACE2; spike protein binding receptor to host cell surface, Mpro; proteo-lytic polyprotein processing enzymes needed for virion maturation and RdRp; RNA dependent RNA polymerase needed for RNA replication. The recent trend focuses on the fact that cocktail of anti-corona virus treatment will be available soon by broad spectrum antiviral compounds. It takes time to develop such drug targets till then social distancing and following of hygiene are the only way to thrive well. This article incorporates the present World scenario related to COVID infection, focuses on its origin and also future possibilities for a COVID free future.

Keywords

ACE2, RdRp, Mpro, COVID-19, in-silico, in-vivo, in-vitro, broad spectrum

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