ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Review Article | Open Access
Muhammad Bilal1 , Muhammad Imran Khan2, Muhammad Shahzad Nazir3, Ishtiaq Ahmed4 and Hafiz M.N. Iqbal5
1School of Life Science and Food Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223003, China.
2Hefei National Lab for Physical Sciences at the Microscale and the Centers for Biomedical Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027, China.
3Faculty of Automation, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223003, China.
4School of Medical Science, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University (Gold Coast campus), Parklands Drive, Southport, QLD 4222, Australia.
5Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Campus Monterrey, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, N.L., CP 64849, Mexico.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020;14(suppl 1):725-731 | Article Number: 6184
Received: 25/03/2020 | Accepted: 29/03/2020 | Published: 16/04/2020

Despite the earlier two Coronavirus outbreaks, this appearance of the third Coronavirus outbreak has brought several complications and now emerged as a human-health related pandemic issue. The wide geographical spread and transmissibility of newly emerged novel-Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) raised serious concerns about the future trajectory of the 2019-nCoV/COVID-19 outbreak. Herein, we have briefly covered some important aspects of the 2019-nCoV/COVID-19 outbreak to highlight the need to learn lessons for a safer future. First, an epidemiological comparison of respiratory viral infections with particular reference to 2019-nCoV is given with relevant examples. Following that, considering the earlier two Coronavirus outbreaks, the emergence of another new 2019-nCoV is given. Finally, the lesson learned, so far, and key concerns for pandemic impact assessment at large and COVID-19, in particular, are discussed for future considerations.


Coronavirus, COVID-19, Zoonotic infections, Common cold, Pandemic Impact Assessment

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