Bacteria found in blood circulation either consistently intermittently are commination to every organs of body. These infections can affect life and death. In India also blood stream infections are major causes of health problem that caused demise of patients in hospital. Timely diagnoses of infection with antimicrobial susceptibility assessment are important for optimization of treatment and best way to reduce hospital stay and improve patient health. In spite of recent advances in clinical diagnostics, blood culture remains the gold standard for the detection of blood stream infections. Studies in different places and regions have indicated the varying microbiological pattern of bloodstream infections which support the need for a continuous examination of the causative organisms. For the diagnosis of septicemia, Blood cultures are the “gold standard” are based on the detection of viable microorganisms in the blood. The main aim of this is to identify the bacteria causing bloodstream infections and to determine and analysis their antibiotic sensitivity pattern in a tertiary center. In this study blood for culture was collected from 940 clinically suspected cases of blood stream infection from the hospital. Collected blood samples were processed in the bacteriology section at microbiology laboratory and standard laboratory methods were used to identified isolates and then antibiotic susceptibility test was performed using CLSI guidelines. Total 940 blood samples were cultured in which 139(14.8%) were found positive. Among isolates, the most predominant organism was Staphylococcus aureus (51.8%) followed by Escherichia coli (24.5%) and the least was Salmonella species (1.4%), Proteus species (1.4%) and Acinetobacter species (1.4%). Among Gram positive isolates, Penicillin and Erythromycin showed high degree of resistance. Imipenem was particularly susceptible among the isolated. Gentamicin and Amikacin showed high in vitro susceptibility for both Enterobacteriaceae and Nonfermenters. This study provides information on bacteriological profile of septicemic isolates. Therefore continuous monitoring of the susceptibility of organisms towards antibiotics is necessary to prevent and spread of drug resistance.
Antimicrobial susceptibility, Blood Stream Infections (BSI), Blood Culture
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