Resistance to beta lactam antibiotics is the most common cause for beta-lactamase production. Increasing number of extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producers has reduced the treatment options which resulted in emergence of multidrug resistant strains, treatment failure and hence increased mortality. To detect phenotypically, ESBL producers in Gram negative isolates from different samples and to know their susceptibility pattern. A retrospective study of Gram negative isolates was conducted. Total of 521 isolates were isolated from various samples. They were processed and identified by standard procedures. The antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby- Bauer disc diffusion method using CLSI guidelines. ESBL was detected by combination disk test. A total of 521 Gram negative isolates were isolated which included E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp., Proteus spp. and Acinetobacter spp. Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Of 521 isolates tested, ESBL was detected in 329 (63.1%) isolates. These isolates showed maximum susceptibility to piperacillin- tazobactam (86%) followed by imipenem (78.4%), amikacin (63.5%), cotrimoxazole (54.4%), ciprofloxacin (51%), amoxi-clav (44.9%), cefepime (44.1%), gentamicin (38.9%), cefoxitin (34.9%) and ampicillin (19.1%). ESBL producers which are resistant to beta lactam antibiotics have become a major problem. Detection of these beta-lactamase enzymes by simple disk method and its reporting will help clinicians in prescribing proper antibiotics.
Clinical samples, Gram negative isolates, ESBL, Antibiotic susceptibility
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