ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Nawaf I. Alshammari1, Vajid N. Veettil1, Abdel Moneim E. Sulieman1 and S.L. Stephenson2
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia.
2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas USA.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020;14(3):1801-1808 | Article Number: 6409
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.14.3.18 | © The Author(s). 2020
Received: 11/05/2020 | Accepted: 17/07/2020 | Published: 29/08/2020
Abstract

Environmental factors such as temperature and humidity directly affect the growth and fruit bodies of fungi. We studied the diversity of wood decaying fungal species, which have grown on same substrate in forest as well as laboratory environment. Ten specimens of fruit body of wood-decaying fungi and 24 random pieces of coarse wooden debris were collected from the forest of northwest Arkansas. The samples of coarse woody debris were incubated in laboratory-growth chambers for two months to promote the fungal growth. Fourty-two different species of wood-decay fungal isolates were recovered and identified by internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region sequencing. The isolates from the forest belonged to twenty-two different taxa whereas twenty taxonomic groups were reported  from the growth compartments. Remarkably, data observed from  two sets did not shared any taxon. These results indicated that environmental growth conditions play crucial role on fungal diversity even if grown on same substrates.

Keywords

Fruit body of fungi, decaying wood, environmental growth conditions, internal transcribed spacer (ITS), fungal biodiversity

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