ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Research Article | Open Access
Sarmad Ghazi Al-Shawi , Haider Ibrahim Ali and Zena Kadhim Al-Younis
Food Science Department-Agriculture College-Basrah University, Iraq
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2020;14(2):1367-1376 | Article Number: 6171
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.14.2.34 | © The Author(s). 2020
Received: 17/03/2020 | Accepted: 01/06/2020 | Published: 16/06/2020
Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of adding alcoholic and aqueous extracts of thyme on microbiological, chemical and sensory characteristics of yogurt. Supplementation of yogurt with thyme extracts during storage time were found to influence on yogurt composition compared to plain yogurt. So, plain yogurt (PY), thyme alcoholic extract yogurt (TCEY) and thyme aqueous extract yogurt (TAEY) moisture content decreased in all yogurt treatments to reach 88.21%, 88.39% and 88.23%, respectively after 28 days of storage. Protein content increased after 28 days of storage and reached to 4.82%, 4.83% and 4.81%, respectively. Fat content tended to increase at the end of study period to reach 0.32%, 0.36 and 0.326% respectively. The ash percentage after 28 days of storage increased to reach 0.71%, 0.72% and 0.71%, respectively. Titratable acidity increased after 28 day to 1.28, 1.17 and 1.2 while the pH decreased to 4.24, 4.31 and 4.29 respectively. For sensory evaluation, (TCEY) was more acceptable followed by (TAEY) and (PY) respectively. Microbial content revealed that all yogurt treatments were close at zero time for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) content and increased gradually to (7.38, 7.31 and 7.32) log (cfu/ml) respectively, there wasn’t any grow during all study periods in (TCEY) and (TAEY) for coliform and yeast & mold content, while there was a grow in (PY) after 14 day for coliform and after 21 day for yeast & mold.

Keywords

Thyme, Yogurt, TCEY, TAEY,Sensory Characteristics

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© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.