Jiut Lal1, R.N. Meena1*  Sunil Kumar1,  R. Meena2,
V.K. Pal1 and Pramod Lawate1

1Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi – 221005, India.
2Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural,
Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi -221005 (U.P.), India.

ABSTRACT

A field experiment was conducted during the kharif season  of 2016 to study the “Effect of crop diversification on growth and yield of pearlmillet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) under custard apple (Annona squamosa L.) based rainfed agri-horti system.”. The highest panicle length. (28.41cm), panicle girth (10.19cm), N. grain/panicle (1767.67) and test weight (15.47g) of pearlmillet and pod length (7.08cm), number of pod/plant (27.06) in pearlmillet + greengram 1:1 and number of grain/pod (33.88), in pearlmillet + sesame 1:2 test weight (285.33g) pearlmillet + groundnut 1:1of sole and intercrop were recorded under different treatment (1:1) and (1:2) in intercropping row ratio. Whereas grain yield (1190.00 kg/ha), straw yield (4209.33 kg/ha), harvest index % (25.55%) and mean pearlmillet grain equivalent yield (4766.49 kg/ha) of pearlmillet and grain yield (775.11 kg/ha), straw yield (1555kg/ha), harvest index % (30.34) sole groundnut treatment of sole or intercrop were highest under pearlmillet sole and other sole treatment as compared to intercropping row ratio.

Keywords: Intercropping, Pearlmillet, greengram, growth, yield, Custard apple and  Row Ratios.