Mehdi Goudarzi1,2*, Saeedeh Ghafari1, Masoumeh Navidinia3
and Hadi Azimi4
1Traditional Medicine and Materia Medical Research Center (TMRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
2Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.
3Schools of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
4Division of English Language department at the School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Aloe vera, asa traditional folk medicine plant,is used for its curative and therapeutic properties. In the current study, attemptswere made to evaluate in vitro antimicrobial activity of A. vera gel against Escherichia coli strains isolated from patients with urinary tract infection. A total of 150 E. coli isolates were recovered from urine samples between July 2015 andSeptember 2015. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) screening in Escherichia coli isolates was on the basis of double disc synergy tests and combined disk diffusion test. Epsilometer test was performed to determine susceptibilities of E. coli isolates to 13 antimicrobial agents.Metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) production was detected by performing combined disc test.Also, the micro broth dilution methodwas used to determine the antimicrobial activity ofA. veragel against E. coli isolates.Inthe present study, out of 150 E. coli isolates, 110 (73.3%) were confirmed as ESBL. MBL screening, using phenotypic methods, indicated that 33 (22%) isolates were positive. The antibiogram revealed that 148 isolates (98.7%) were multi drug resistanceE. coli strains. The coexistences of ESBL and MBL were found in 15 isolates (10%). All of ESBL and MBL E. coli strains were inhibited by ethanol extract of A. veragel atminimum inhibitory concentration£200 µg/ml. More than half of the tested isolates (53.3%) were inhibited by concentrations that did not exceed 50 µg/ml for ethanol extract from A. veragel.The results of the present study highlighted that A. vera gel, at various concentrations, could be used as an antibacterial agent for treatment and prevention of UTIs.
Keywords: Aloe vera gel, Escherichia coli, Multidrug-resistant, ESBL, MBL, MIC