ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Open Access

Saeideh Amani Ghayoum1, Masoomeh Shams-Ghahfarokhi1 , Mehdi Razzaghi-Abyaneh2 and Behnam Mohammadi Ghalehbin3

1Department of Mycology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 14115-331, Iran.
2Department of Mycology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran 13164, Iran.
3Department of Medical Parasitology, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2017;11(3):1287-1292 | © The Author(s). 2017
Received: 02/08/2017 | Accepted: 03/09/2017 | Published: 30/09/2017

Pneumocystis jirovecii is an opportunistic fungus, which causes Pneumocystis pneumonia (PJP) in immunocompromised, COPD and TB positive patients with a high rate of colonization, morbidity and mortality. Dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) gene mutations are well-reported  in PJP. Although sulfa prophylaxis generally is associated with DHPS mutant infection, Multiple molecular techniques applied for detect sulfa resistance single-base mutation. Conformation sensitive gel electrophoresis (CSGE) is a rapid screening method for detection of DNA sequence variation, specifically single-base changes or small insertions and deletions. The current study is investigate on the DHPS sequence single-base dislocation among strains isolated from Iranian TB positive co-infected with  PJP  in association to increased levels of serum Lactate Dehydrogenase. Through high serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels have been associated with established Pneumocystis pneumonia. We investigated the DHPS mismatches in five P. jirovecii isolated of TB infected patients. For genetic identification of Pneumocystis isolates and detection of intraspecific variation, we developed a method for heteroduplex analysis. Our utilizing fragments was the DHPS gene regions, amplified by PCR method with specific primers. Serum LDH indicator was analysed for lung acute damages. In our results, at least 4 suspected isolates show more slowly migrating bands containing single heteroduplexes, reveal single-base mislocation in studied sequences. LDH level Peak was higher (p<0.05) in patients with PCP (445± 155 U/L) in comparison patients with chronic TB (310±50 U/L). CSGE is a simple manual method, based on heteroduplex analysis, and compares well in terms of sensitivity with other screening technologies. Manual CSGE remains a low-cost, accessible, and effective approach for mutation screening, which can be carried out with ­minimal specialist equipment.


Pneumocystis jirovecii, Dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS), Gene mutations, CSGE, Heteroduplex, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH).

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© The Author(s) 2017. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.