ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Open Access
Mirza Zaheer Baig and M. Dharmadhikari Smita
Department of Microbiology, Government Institute of Science, Aurangabad, India.
J Pure Appl Microbiol. 2016;10(4):2673-2686
https://doi.org/10.22207/JPAM.10.4.26 | © The Author(s). 2016
Received: 13/06/2016 | Accepted: 19/09/2016 | Published: 31/12/2016
Abstract

The focus of present study is to explore cotton stalk as potential source for bioethanol production. In this context, cotton stalk was subjected to series of treatment includes dual stage acid hydrolysis, followed by detoxification and fermentation subsequently. Detoxified hydrolysate obtained after first two treatment, having a sugar concentration of 11 g/L corresponds to yield of 0.396 g/g of biomass was exposed to fermentation by co-culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae MTCC 36 and Pachysolen tannophilus MTCC 1077. Parametric optimization study reveals that test organisms in association utilized 93.84% of total available sugars in semi aerobic mode of fermentation having pH 5.5, inoculated with 10% (v/v) co culture inoculum, incubated with 120 rpm for first 24 h and then kept in static mode at 30oC till 48 h, produced maximum ethanol concentration of 4.96 g/L with fermentation efficiency of 87.52%. The obtained yield was recorded as 0.446 g/g of available sugar for fermentation (0.179 g/g of biomass).

Keywords

Cotton stalk, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Pachysolen tannophilus, Co-culture, Fermentation, Bioethanol.

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© The Author(s) 2016. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.