ISSN: 0973-7510

E-ISSN: 2581-690X

Mini Review | Open Access
Muhammad Bilal1, Muhammad Shahzad Nazir2, Roberto Parra-Saldivar3and Hafiz M.N. Iqbal3
1School of Life Science and Food Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223003, China.
2Faculty of Automation, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huaian 223003, China.
3Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Campus Monterrey, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, N.L., CP 64849, Mexico.
J. Pure Appl. Microbiol., 2020, 14 (1): 25-29 | Article Number: 6168 | © The Author(s). 2020
Received: 15/03/2020 | Accepted: 19/03/2020 | Published: 19/03/2020

The severity assessment of COVID-19 and transmissibility of newly emerged novel-Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) can effectively help and support to quantify the ongoing pandemic risks. Among several epidemiological measures against COVID-19 severity, the case fatality risk (CFR) assessment is an important measure to track record the overall proportion/ratio of the cumulative number of infected patients with the known outcome (confirmed, recovered, or deceased). Considering the ongoing fatality rate, several case-based preventive measures, Coronavirus protein visualization, and approaches to viral vaccine development are discussed herein. The prompt identification of high-risk entities to confront the uncertainty in the risk of death using the approaches highlighted, herein, is of utmost requirement to tackle the current COVID-19 severity. Moreover, the protein visualization available at the viral surface/body can give further insight into the appropriate vaccine development.


2019-nCoV, COVID-19, Respiratory disease, Safety measures, Viral vaccine, Surface proteins, Control precautions.

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© The Author(s) 2020. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License which permits unrestricted use, sharing, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.