Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

In vitro Anti-staphylococcal Potential of Endophytic Fungi from Aegle marmelos

Vinit Meshram, Sanjai Saxena* and Neha Kapoor

Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, Thapar University, Patiala, Punjab - 147 004, India.

Received on 07 October 2012 and accepted on 15 November 2012

 

ABSTRACT

Staphylococcus aureus is the third most dreaded human pathogen which is getting refractory to current armamentarium of antimicrobial drugs. Endophytic fungi have been recognized as a fountainhead of novel bioactives for human therapeutic intervention and drug development. In the present investigation we report isolation and screening of endophytic fungi isolated from Aegle marmelos inhabiting conserved forest area in Western Ghats, India. A total of 25 endophytic fungi representing 10 genera were isolated by adopting a standardized protocol. Fusarium species exhibited maximum colonization (28%), followed by Aureobasidium (12%) and Lasiodiplodia species (8%). In vitro screening of culture broth of these fungi using a standardized anti-microbial assay exhibited activity only in one isolate #1005AMLBRT. Subsequently ethyl acetate extracts of the culture broths revealed that 15 isolates did not possess any anti- staphylococcal potential. However the best anti-staphylococcal potential was found in ethyl acetate extract of #1005AMLBRT. #1005AMLBRT was found to be a new species of Alternaria named as Alternaria marmelos based on phylogenetic and morphological studies. Further studies on Alternaria marmelos are warranted for production, isolation and characterization of the anti-staphylococcal principle.

Keywords : Endophytic fungi, Anti- Staphylococcal activity, Fermentation broth, Alternaria, Aegle marmelos.