Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

Phytochemical and Antimicrobial Activity of Xanthium strumarium

Jameel A. Khader1, Naser M. AbdElsalam1, Riazullah2,4, Iqbal Hussain3, Badrullah3 and Shumaila Noor5

1AR-Riyadh Community College, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Chemistry Government Degree College Ara Khel FR Kohat KPK Pakistan 3Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat-26000, KPK, Pakistan. 4Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 5College of Science Research Center, King Saud University Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Received on 10 October 2012 and accepted on 03 December 2012

 

ABSTRACT

The antimicrobial activities of the Methanol and its sub fractions of chloroform, Ethyl acetate, and water extracts of the roots, stem and leaves of Xanthium strumarium were conducted. The bacterial strain used were Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella typhymurium and Escherichia coli. The fungal species including Aspergillus fumigatus, Fusarium solani, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus. Phytochemical analysis was also performed using the literature methods. All fractions of root extract showed significant activities against E. coli and Klebsiella pneumonia. Methanol, chloroform and water fraction of stem extract also found active against Salmonella typhymurium. Some fractions of stem, root and leaves extract were also give positive result against different fungi. In the present study, the selection of medicinal plant parts is based on the fact that most of these plant parts were not previously screened against multidrug resistant pathogenic

Keywords : Antimicrobial activity, phytochemicals, Xanthium strumarium L.