Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

Control of M. furfur using Plant Essential Oil

Smruti Thombare and Usha Mukundan

Department of Biological Sciences, Ramniranjan Jhunjhunwala College Ghatkopar (W), Mumbai - 86, India.

Received on 14 March 2012 and accepted on 07 May 2012

 

ABSTRACT

Plants have traditionally provided a source of hope for novel drug compounds. The spread of drug resistant pathogens is one of the most serious threats to successful treatment of microbial diseases. Seborrheic dermatitis is a common papulosquamous disorder of the skin. Dandruff, a less severe form of Seborrheic dermatitis, affects a greater proportion of the population. The exact pathogenesis of Seborrheic dermatitis is unknown, however colonization of the lipophilic yeast, Malassezia furfur and an inflammatory reaction to this yeast each seem to play a role in disease etiology. Essential oils have been shown to possess antimicrobial properties. The effect of plant essential oils on the growth of M. furfur was evaluated and reported. Among the 19 different plant essential oil tested, Salvia sclarea, Cinnamomum verum, Cymbopogon flexuosus, Eucalyptus globulus, Thymus vulgaris, Melaleuca alternifolia, Syzygium aromaticum, Rosmarinus officinalis, Matricaria recutita, Cymbopogon martinii, Pogostemon cablin, Cedrus atlantica and Vitus vinifera oil were found to be effective. Antidandruff shampoo was formulated using the lead extracts.

Keywords : M. furfur, Essential oil, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Anti dandruff shampoo.