Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 1

Sustainable Treatment of Wastewater using Effective Microorganisms

D.K. Kale¹ and P.D. Anthappan²

¹Department of Biotechnology, R.J. College, University of Mumbai, Ghatkopar (W), Mumbai – 400 086, India. ²Department of Microbiology, Bhavan’s College, University of Mumbai, Bhavan’s College, Munshi Nagar, Andheri (W) Mumbai – 400 058, India.

Received on 18 April 2011 and accepted on 26 May 2011

 

ABSTRACT

Rapid economic developments in the current century have certainly enhance the human lifestyle, on the other hand they have also resulted in the degradation of environment, due to excessive use of natural resources, thereby generating excessive wastes. The kitchen waste, which is one of the typical common example of household waste, has been a big concern for the municipal corporation authorities with respect to their treatment. There are many scientific techniques that have been discovered and used for the treatment of waste and their disposal into the natural resources. The present study has attempted to use one such new technique, Effective Microorganisms Technology (EM – Technology), in which natural sources have been utilized to convert the waste into a byproduct. EM can be either used in extended form or in bokashi form and have a number of applications, including agriculture, livestock, composting, bioremediation, cleaning septic tanks, algal control and household uses. The waste management by use of EM-technology has been adapted by many countries. The present study it indicated that the use of EM technology has desirable effect on reduction of pH, BOD5, COD, TS, TDS, TSS, Nitrate and Phosphate contents of waste water.

Keywords : Effective Microorganisms, Activated Effective Microorganisms, Bokashi.