Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 4 No. 2

Characterization of Ampicillin Resistant Bacillus sp. Isolated from the Midgut of Anopheles barbirostris (Van der Wulp) and its Role on Larval Development

Soumendranath Chatterjee* and Tuhin Subhra Ghosh

Microbiology Research Unit, Parasitology and Microbiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Burdwan University, Burdwan - 713 104, India.

Received on 07 January 2010 and accepted on 23 February 2010

 

ABSTRACT

Colonies of Bacillus sp isolated from the midgut of Anopheles barbirostris (Diptera: Culicidae) were circular, white, flat and undulate. The isolate tolerated up to 400C showing its growth on nutrient agar and Tryptone soya agar but unable to grow on Mac Conkey and Eosin-methylene blue agar. Organisms (ranging from 1.76-2.3 µm in length and 0.53-0.64 µm in diameter) and diameter from were positive for Gram stain, spore and crystal staining. The isolate showed its salt-tolerant nature and failed to grow anaerobically. Bacteria didn’t produce acid and gas from carbon source. The bacteria were positive for protease and lipase activities. Organisms were found to sensitive to Kanamycin (30 µg/ml), Ofloxacin (5 µg/ml), Doxycycline(10µg/ml), Gatifloxacin(10µg/ml), Gentamycin(10µg/ml), Tetracycline(30µg/ml), Ciprofloxacin(5µg/ml), Nalidixicacid(30µg/ml), Rifampicin(5 µg/ml), Streptomycin(10 µg/ml), Levofloxacin(5 µg/ml) and Vancomycin(30 ?g/ml),but found resistant to Ampicillin((10µg/ml).The antibiotic treated larvae without this midgut flora showed delayed development to become adult rather than those harbouring in its midgut.

Keywords : Anopheles barbirostris, Bacillus sp, symbiotic association.