Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 4 No. 2

Sources of Genetic Variation in Plant Virus Populations

G. B. Balol*, B.L. Divya, S. Basavaraj, S. Sundaresha, Y.S. Mahesh, Erayya and S. D. Huchannanavar

Department of Plant Pathology, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore - 65 India. Department of Food science and Nutrition, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore - 65 India.

Received on 17 January 2010 and accepted on 22 February 2010

 

ABSTRACT

Plant viruses are the cause of important diseases of crop plants; a vast majority of plant viruses have single-stranded RNA genome and variation is an intrinsic property of living entities. Various mechanisms that lead to variation in virus population are mutation, addition, deletion, inversion of nucleic acid base sequences, recombination, suppression, re-assortment and mixed infection. Most reported work had a phylogenetic or taxonomic goal, and attempts to quantify the variability of virus populations. Thus evolutionary biology of plant virus populations is an exciting area of research, both intellectually challenging and relevant to everyday life.

Keywords : Variation, Virus evolution, Population structure.