Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 3 No. 2

Antifungal Activity of Euphorbia fusiformis. A Redlisted Medicinal Plant

A. Ramachandranı and D. Natarajan²*

ıDirector, Centre for Climate Change & Adaptation Research, Anna University, Chennai - 600 025, India. ²Department of Biotechnology, Periyar University, Salem - 636 011, India.

Received on 21 April 2009 and accepted on 15 June 2009

 

ABSTRACT

Euphorbia fusiformis is one of the redlisted category medicinal plant, used to cure various illnesses. The present investigation was focuses the antifungal activity of various solvent extracts (Benzne, Xylene, Tolene, Isopropyl alcohol, Diethyl ether, Dimethyl formamide and Butanol) from the leaf of Euphorbia fusiformis were tested against 4 aflatoxin producing fungi (Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. fumigatus, A. erythrocephalus) and one other mold i.e. Fusarium sp. by conducting disc diffusion assay. Among the different solvents, isopropyl alcohol and xylene extracts of this plant expressed significant activity compared with other solvents. Fusarium sp. had found more sensitive than other organisms. The result of present investigation is suggest the plant may be used in future, to treat diseases caused by selected fungal pathogens.

Keywords : Euphorbia fusiformis, Antifungal activity, Solvent extracts, Aflatoxin producing fungi