Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 3 No. 2

Potential use of Oscillatoria terebriformis, A Marine Cyanobacterium for the Treatment of Industrial Effluents through Bioremediation

C. Arunachalam* and A. Ambika

PG and Research Department of Microbiology, Sri Venkateshwara College of Arts and Science, Peravurani, India.

Received on 18 April 2009 and accepted on 08 June 2009

 

ABSTRACT

In order to develop an efficient and integrated waste treatment and recycling process, as a preliminary step, economically important cyanobacterium, Oscillatoria terebriformis was tested to treat the tannery industry efficient with used in both free and immobilized conditions. Treatment of effluent by Oscillatoria terebriformis for immobilized polyurethane foam cubes was used. The effluent was analyzed initially for physicochemical and heavy metals such as chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn). Treatment of effluent by Oscillatoria reduced the above heavy metals constituents of the effluent to a considerable amount and brought down the pH to near neutrality. Level of physicochemical and heavy metal was found to be reduced in the effluent treated immobilized cyanobacterium when compared to free and control.

Keywords : Immobilization, Oscillatoria, Bioremediation, Tannery effluent, Environmental pollution