Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 4

Management of Potato Virus Y (PVY) in Potato by Some Biocontrol Agents under Field Conditions

Rakib A. Al-Ani, Mustafa A. Athab and Oadi N. Matny1

Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Iraq.

Received on 28 February 2013 and accepted on 11 April 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to test the activity of Pseudomonas fluorescens, Rhodotorula sp and fermented neem extract to protect potato plants against potato virusY disease development under field conditions. Infected potato tubers were soaked in P. fluorescens , Rhodotorula sp suspensions and in fermented neem extracts separately and sown in the field in completely randomized block design. The development of virus symptoms and the accumulation of virus in the plant based on Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) were followed. The results obtained showed that the treatment of potato tubers with the three agents have significantly accelerated plant emergence, 5-6 days early than non treated ones, and improved plant growth , the plant dry weights ranged from 120-177 g/plant compared to 42 g/plant in non treated plants. The enhancement of plant growth was found associated with reduction in disease severity based on symptoms development and restriction of virus concentration as proved by ELISA absorbance of 405 nm, 0.14-0.23 compared with 2.50 in non treated plants. The results indicated that the use of bioagent to induce systemic resistance provide an efficient tool, as insecticide alternative to manage potato virus Y in potato.

Keywords : PVY, Biological control, Potato.