Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. 4

Molecular Variability of Sclerotium rolfsii Causing Foot Rot Diseases of Major Field Crops of Karnataka

Gowdra Nagamma1, A. Nagaraja2, Syeda Samina Anjum1 and Sureshpatil3

1Department of Plant Pathology, UAS, GKVK, Bangaluru-560 065, India. 2Project Coordinating Unit AICSMIP (Small Millets), ICAR, GKVK, Bengaluru-560 065, India. 3Research Associate, AICSMIP (Small Millets), ICAR, GKVK, Bengaluru-560 065, India.

Received on 11 September 2015 and accepted on 03 November 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. is a well known, most destructive, soil borne, polyphagus fungus that lives as a facultative parasite. It is known to cause disease in more than 500 crops. S. rolfsii collected from different host and geographic locations in Karnataka, Isolates were examined for their molecular variations. Out of 37 isolates collected twelve isolates were selected and tested for their molecular variability. RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) banding patterns were established for twelve isolates of S. rolfsii DNA amplification observed for ITS rDNA region at 550-600 bp in all the 12 isolates. The phylogenetic tree showed that four isolates Dharwad soybean, Bengaluru groundnut, Bengaluru chickpea and Davanagere sunflower belong to cluster I while one isolate Raichur groundnut belong to cluster II. PCR-RFLP of ITS region showed different patterns between the isolates of S. rolfsii after digestion with six enzymes Viz., AluI,HinfI,TaqI, HindIII, EcoRI and HaeIII indicating genetic variability among the isolates that varied in size of RFLP fragments and the number of fragments. Jaccards similarity co-efficient (UPGMA cluster analysis) among the twelve isolates were calculated to establish their genetic relationship. The similarity index values ranged from 31 to 93 per cent indicating the presence of high range of variability at the nucleic acid level among the isolates. The maximum genetic similarity of 93 per cent was observed between BelGn and KGn isolates, whereas least similarity of 31 per cent was observed between ChiGn and BFM isolates.

Keywords : Sclerotium rolfsi, Molecular variability, foot rot, ITS-PCR-RFLP.