Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition Nov. 2015

Evaluating Sustainable Transportation of Tehran Applying Ecological Footprint Model

Abbass Ebadi1, Naser Moharram Nejad1*, Mohammad Taghi Rahnamaee2 and Saeed Motesadi Zarandi3

1Department of Environment, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 2Tehran University, Department of Geography, Tehran, Iran 3Shahid Beheshti University, Department of Health and Environment, Tehran, Iran.

Received on 18 February 2015 and accepted on 10 April 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Sustainable city with sustainable transportation is becoming one of the main demands of citizens, especially in cities such as Tehran. While imbalanced development and unsustainable growth in all sections with the city?s environmental capacity has led to intolerable conditions resulting in the degradation of the quality of life. Transportation in Tehran has become a major cause of environmental degradation with its massive CO2 emissions in the atmosphere. The purpose of this study, in the first instance to improve the ecological footprint model of the transport sector, and then attempts to estimate the ecological footprint of Urban transport in Tehran. The results of the study showed that the ecological footprint of Tehran transportation is equal to 4398241.968 global hectares while Tehran?s biological capacity to absorb the carbon released in the transport sector is equal to 9664.2 and ecological footprint of Tehran transportation is 455 times larger than the its biological capacity. The ecological footprint of Tehran transportation points to the deterioration of the current situation and it is clear that the policies of transport development are unsustainable and the current transport patterns will make Tehran uninhabitable in the near future. In such conditions, for the development of sustainable transport system based on environmental criteria, a low-carbon transport, transit-oriented development (TOD), and the creation of Green corridor could be some tools for sustainable development in the transportation sector of Tehran.

Keywords : Sustainable transportation, Ecological footprint, Transportation of Tehran city, Low carbon transport, Green corridor.