Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition Nov. 2015

Inhibition of T4ss Gene Legionella pneumophila with Catalytical Ozonization

Masomeh Gholinezhad1, Davoud Esmaeli2* and Ghader Ghanizadeh3

1Department of Biology, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University,Urmia, Iran. 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Baqiyatallah University Medical of Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3Health Research Center, and Department of Environmental Health, Health School, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Received on 10 May 2015 and accepted on 20 July 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Legionella bacteria are aerobic gram-negative rods associated with respiratory infections. Of the 52 known species legionella , 20 have been linked to pneumonia infections in humans. The species L.pneumophila (particularly serogroups 1-6) has been accepted as the principal cause of human outbreaks of legionellosis, which includes both legionnaires, disease and Pontiac fever. Legionella are ubiquitous in natural aquatic environments, capable of existing in waters with varied temperature, PH levels, and nutrient and oxygen contents. Contamination by legionella has occurred in the distribution systems of many hospitals. Their widespread survival in nature can be attribute to their relationships with other microorganisms in the environment. Symbiotic existence with algae and other bacteria , particularly in biofilms, increases the availability of nutrients. They also are able to infect protozoans and subsequently reproduce within these organisms. These relationships provide protection against adverse environmental conditions, including standard water disinfection techniques. Consequently, legionella are also prevent in anthropogenic waters such as potable water, cooling tower reservoirs, water distribution systems and whirlpools. Aerosol- generating systems such as fauceta, shower heads, cooling towers, and nebolizers aid in the transmission of legionella from water to air. Human inhalation of contaminated aerosols leads to legionella infections and disease outbreaks. Collection of legionella was done from hospital water .These samples are typically concentrated by filtration, treated with an acid buffer and temperature , and isolated on a BCYE agar culture medium. Legionella pneumophila was treated with concentration of MIC catalytical ozonation then evaluated t4ss gene expression by RT-PCR technique. The results indicated that catalytical ozonation have inhibitory effects on virulence genes Legionella pneumophila. So we can use it as an active disinfectant in hospital distribution systems.

Keywords : Legionella pneumophila, RT-PCR, Catalytical Ozonization, T4ss gene silencing.