Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition Nov. 2015

Energy Efficient Routing Mechanism for Improving Lifetime of Wireless Biosensor Networks

K. Mohaideen Pitchai*, B. Paramasivan and M. Bhuvaneswari

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Engineering College, Kovilpatti - 628 503, Tamilnadu, India.

Received on 10 April 2015 and accepted on 13 June 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Wireless Biosensor Networks needs energy efficient routing protocols for increasing the network lifetime. The energy consumption of biosensor nodes can be decreased by reducing the transmission radius range. In this proposed work an Energy Efficient Routing Protocol (EERP) is developed for wireless biosensor network by adjusting the node transmission radius and conserves the node energy. EERP follows on demand routing method for packet forwarding from source to destination. When the node?s energy reaches certain threshold then node reduces its transmission radius again in order to achieve less energy consumption under the circumstance. The transmission range distribution optimizations for networks are developed in order to obtain the maximum lifetime. Analysis of the solution shows that network lifetime improvement can be obtained through optimization comes at the expense of energy-inefficiency and a wasting of system resources. The simulation results shows that EERP protocol out performs the existing routing protocols in terms of network lifetime, energy consumption and has a balanced network load and routing traffic.

Keywords : Energy, Lifetime, Routing, Transmission radius, Wireless biosensor network.