Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition Nov. 2015

Effect of Tillage and Organic Mulches on Yield Attributes and Economics of Mustard Crop under Rainfed Condition of Mirzapur District (U.P.)

M.K. Singh, Ramawatar Meena*, R.N. Meena1, Balu Ram, R.K. Meena, M.K. Verma and Avinash Rai

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, I.Ag.Sc, BHU, Varanasi, India. 1Department of Agronomy, I.Ag.Sc, BHU, Varanasi, India.

Received on 16 July 2015 and accepted on 06 October 2015

 

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of conservation tillage under ?Effect of tillage and organic mulches on yield attributes and economics of mustard crop in rainfed condition of mirzapur district (U.P.)? during the period from November 2012 to April 2013at the Agronomy farm of Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Barakachha (BHU), Mirzapur which is situated in Vindhyan region of district Mirzapur.. The study included conventional tillage and reduced tillage conditions and three indigenous mulches viz. water hyacinth, paddy straw, and legume straw. The experiment was conducted in split plot design viz. tillage practices (conventional tillage and reduce tillage) in main plots and mulching practices under sub plot (no mulch, water hyacinth mulch, paddy straw mulch and legume straw mulch).Mulching practices also enhanced the number of siliqua plant-1, siliqua length, number of seed siliqua-1 and 1000-grains weight, grain yield and higher harvest index (HI). The grain yield of mulched plants notably water hyacinth was (1419.23 kg ha-1) than unmulched plants (1154.06 kg ha-1) under reduce tillage condition.

Keywords : Economics, Mulching, Mustard, Tillage, Yield & Yield Attributes.