Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition Nov. 2015

Providing a Conceptual Model of Metropolises Waste Management (Case Study: Tehran, Iran)

Mohammadebrahim Tavallaei1*, Ali Asghar Farshad2, Human Liaghati3, Jafar Nouri4 and Gholam Hosein Salehi5

1Graduate School of Environment and Energy, Department of Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 2Associate Professor, Occupational Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. 3Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 4Professor, Department of Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. 5Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Received on 10 August 2015 and accepted on 06 October 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Urbanization and excessive resources consumption including risk of improper waste management are global health and environmental challenge especially in metropolises. Purpose of this study was to provide a conceptual model of metropolises waste management in Tehran, capital of Iran, as a model. Data collection was done through a 25-items questionnaire to examine the people awareness and attitude as well as analyze current and desired situations of wastes management and recycling in 2013. Four hundred fifty residents of Tehran were selected randomly to participate in the study. . Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics methods by SPSS software and P < 0.05 was set as the significance level. The SWOT matrix was used to formulate waste management strategies considering all aspects of comprehensive waste management. Results showed that the awareness level of 90.4% of people was good and the attitude of 81.3% of them was supportive towards recycling. Moreover, more media coverage on this issue and using award and encouragement strategies are the most important factors increasing people participation in the waste management. Furthermore based on the quantitative strategic planning matrix, priorities of waste management strategies are sustainable, social, economic, and environmental development.

Keywords : waste management; Tehran; participation.