Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 9 No. Special Edition May. 2015

In vitro Effects of Tigecycline in Combination with Other Antimicrobials against Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Isolates

Ahmed Eid Alharbi and Issam Alshami

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia.

Received on 12 February 2015 and accepted on 11 April 2015

 

ABSTRACT

Acinetobacter is a group of bacteria commonly found in soil and water and prefer to colonize aquatic environments. Moreover there are many species of Acinetobacter and all can be opportunistic human pathogens, around eighty percent of human infections are caused by A. baumannii. Resistance isolates of A. baumannii are very common and have increased dramatically over the last 30 years. Most isolates are resistant to older antimicrobial agents including extended spectrum penicillins, 1st and 2nd generation cephalosporins, and aminoglycosides. Due to high rates of resistance associated with A. baumannii, combination therapy is typically employed for the treatment of infections. This study is aimed to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activities of drug combination regimens against Saudi isolates of A. baumannii by using minimum inhibitory concentration determination, checkerboard synergy and time-kill assays for tigecycline, imipenem, Amikacin, piperacillin/tazobactam, Cefepime, colistin, ciprofloxacin and Ampicillin/ Sulbactam and were determined according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guideline. The result of the presented in vitro study revealed that the double combination of tigecycline with colistin, imipenem and amikacin could be a promising alternative for the treatment of infections due to multi-drug resistance A. baumannii strains. Further investigations required to validate the role of these combinations for the treatment of infections due to current isolates found in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords : Acinetobacter baumannii, Tigecycline, Drug combination, MDR.