Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. Special Edition Nov. 2014

Molecular Characterization of Aspergillus flavus Contamination of Barley Grains using RAPD and ISSR

Mohamed A. Mahmoud1*, Mohamed El-Zaidy2, Monira R. Al-Othman2, Abeer R.M. Abd El-Aziz2 and Aisha S. Al-Wadai2

1Plant Pathology Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt. 2Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 1145, Saudi Arabia.

Received on 10 September 2014 and accepted on 29 October 2014



Ten fungi belonging to five genera were isolated from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) grain samples collected from different markets at three main regions of Saudi Arabia. The average of mycotoxigenic isolation frequencies were Aspergillus (29.5%), Fusarium (35%), Alternaria (13.2%) and Penicillium (10.9%). Thirteen isolates of Aspergillus flavus were screened by HPLC for their ability to produce aflatoxins (AFs). The percentage of aflatoxigenic A. flavus isolates were 61.6%, eight isolates were produced AFs. Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) DNA markers were used to genetically characterize strains of A. flavus and to discriminate between the aflatoxigenic and non-aflatoxigenic isolates. RAPD and ISSR analysis revealed a high level of genetic diversity in the A. flavus population, which was useful for genetic characterization. The RAPD and ISSR markers could not discriminate between aflatoxigenic and non-aflatoxigenic isolates, but the ISSR primers were somewhat better.

Keywords : Aspergillus flavus; Barley; Aflatoxin; HPLC; RAPD PCR; ISSR PCR.