Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. May 2014 Special Edition

Modelling and Simulation of Energy-Saving Potential of Sequential Batch Reactor (SBR) in the Abatement of Ammoniacal-Nitrogen and Organics

Nur F. Ismail, Mohammed S. Jami*, Mutiu K. Amosa and Suleyman A. Muyibi

Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Center (BERC), Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Received on 08 January 2014 and accepted on 24 March 2014



The ammonical nitrogen removal in discharged effluents from a typical sewerage treatment plant has not been consistent with the stringent discharge standards. There is the need to optimize the energy consumption as well as improve the ammonical nitrogen removal in the treatment plant. This study reports the investigation of the behaviour of process dynamicity of ammoniacal-nitrogen (NH3-N) removal in a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) through Activated Sludge Model No.1 (ASM1) and standard SBR design computation for optimal aeration time, while meeting the treatment requirements. The study further evaluates the performance of NH3-N removal based on the data obtained from an existing SBR system. The time profile of process dynamics and the minimum required aeration time with maximum nitrogen removal was studied while taking into account the system?s energy consumption. Moreover, the simulation results by MATLAB Software suggested that the process dynamicity of the carbon and NH3-N concentration is 7 hour batch time with one fill and 1.5 hours aeration time. For computation of SBR standard design, the reduction from current 1.5 hours to 1.35 hours of aeration for 80% to 93% of NH3-N removal brought about the total energy saving of up to 10 percent.

Keywords : Simulation, Sequential batch reactor, Aeration time, Energy, Ammoniacal-nitrogen, ASM1.