Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. May 2014 Special Edition

Benchtop Scale Study of Rhamnolipid Production by Pseudomonas aeruginosa USM-AR2

Zainatul ?Asyiqin Samsu, Nur Asshifa Md Noh, Salwa Mohd Saleh, Amirul Al-Ashraf Abdullah and Ahmad Ramli Mohd Yahya*

School of Biological Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia.

Received on 08 January 2014 and accepted on 24 March 2014

 

ABSTRACT

The potential of a greener and cheaper substrate (waste cooking oil) in place of diesel for rhamnolipid production in laboratory scale was addressed in this investigation. In shake flasks study, rhamnolipid production was comparable when either diesel or waste cooking oil was used as the main carbon source. The yield was 2.15 g/L and 2.49 g/L for waste cooking oil and diesel, respectively. Rhamnolipid production with waste cooking oil as a carbon source was further studied in a 3.6 L bioreactor at two different agitation speed, 400 and 500 rpm. The agitation speeds were selected based on the similar volumetric mass transfer coefficient (kLa) of 10.8/h, as determined earlier in a non respiring system. 2.23 g/L of rhamnolipid was produced at 400 rpm compared to 1.09 g/L in broth and 1.80 g/L in foam obtained in the same bioreactor agitated at 500 rpm. Thus, waste cooking oil could be utilized as an alternative carbon source for a low cost rhamnolipid production.

Keywords : Rhamnolipid,Waste cooking oil, Diesel, Volumetric mass transfer coefficient.