Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. May 2014 Special Edition

Potentials of Biosurfactant and Biomass from Locally Isolated Panus tigrinus and Klebsiella pneumonia Strains on Decolorization of Selected Industrials Dye

Parveen Jamal1,2*, Monawar Munjid Mustafa1 and Ma?an Fahmi R. Al-Khateeb1

1Bioenvironmental Engineering Research Centre (BERC), Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2 International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART), International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia.

Received on 08 January 2014 and accepted on 24 March 2014

 

ABSTRACT

Pollution problem posed by dye contamination, resulting from errant human technological activities has for long posed a challenge for researchers. Biosorption is becoming a promising alternative to replace or supplement the present dye removal processes, which are used for removing dyes from wastewater. In this study, the removal of four dyes; Congo Red, Malachite Green, Neutral Red and Reactive?Blue?19,by biosorption using biomass of fungus and bacteria, panustigrinus, klebsiellapneumoniae were investigated. Bacterial biosurfactant, obtained from klebsiella pneumonia, was also tested for dye removal. Fungal biomass proved to be the best remover amongst the three bioactive biosurfactant and biomass, which removed 96.948% of Congo Redfollowed by 89.231% removal of Reactive Blue 19.

Keywords : Biosorption; Panustigrinus; Klebsiella pneumonia; Azo dyes.