Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 8 No. 2

Isolation and Characterization of a Newly Isolated Algicidal Aeromonas sp.

Ming-Jun Chen1, Yu-Mei Liu1, Tao Song1 and Li Li1*

1Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering,Shandong University, 27 Shanda Nanlu, Jinan - 250 100, China.

Received on 09 January 2014 and accepted on 18 March 2014

 

ABSTRACT

A new algicidal bacterium strain FM was isolated and identified as Aeromonas sp. based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Phylogenic analysis revealed the closest species was an Aeromonas salmonicida. The cell-free filtrate of FM culture was proved to contribute to the algicidal effect, indicating strain FM exerted algicidal effect on cyanobacteria by its extracellular substances. The algicidal substances were tested to be non-proteinaceous, heat stable, and with a molecular weight of less than 1 kDa. Strain FM could effectively inhibit the growth of cyanobacteria, including species of Microcystis, Planktothrix, Pseudanabaena, Oscillatoria and Anabaena. As Aeromonads are ubiquitous in aquatic habitats, Aeromonas sp. strain FM has application potential in control of harmful cyanobacteria.

Keywords : Algicidal bacterium, Extracellular substances, Microcystis aeruginosa, Aeromonas.