Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. Special Edition Oct. 2012

Epidemiological Trends of Enteric Fever in and around Aligarh Region- A 2 year Study

Nazish Fatima*, Abida Malik, Neha Ballani and Samia Kirmani

Department of Microbiology, JNMCH, AMU, Aligarh, India.

Received on 04 March 2012 and accepted on 10 June 2012

 

ABSTRACT

An estimated 13 million cases occur annually in Asia alone and the morbidity and mortality attributable to enteric fever in India still remains enormous. A 2 year retrospective study was done at Microbiology Department, JNMCH, AMU to study the prevalence of enteric fever. The baseline titers were also recorded. Results of Widal test on 7325 serum samples showed significant titers in 704 (10.4%) samples: 662 (94.3%) to S. typhi - TO & TH, 32 to S. paratyphi A (4.8%), and 10 for S.paratyphi B(1.5%). Prevalence of Enteric fever in Aligarh based on results of Widal test was found to be 10.4% stressing it?s correlation with poor sanitary conditions. Pediatric age group was most affected with no significant sex predilection. Endemicity of enteric fever in Aligarh was also established by Widal test. These findings are of importance in therapeutic decision making and implementing health measures for disease control.

Keywords : Enteric fever, Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi, Widal, endemicity.