Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 4

Role of Lys59 and Lys386 of Streptokinase from Type 12 Group A Streptococcus on In vitro Stability against Plasmin Cleavage

Efrida Martius1, Ariestia Mardjuki1, Ernawati Giri-Rahman2, Catur Riani1, Yeyet Cahyati1 and Debbie S. Retnoningrum1

1Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Institut Teknologi Bandung. 2School of Life Science and Technology, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132, Indonesia.

Received on 20 March 2013 and accepted on 02 May 2013

 

ABSTRACT

Streptokinase (SK), is a plasminogen (PG) activator by forming a complex with PG that activates other PG molecule to form plasmin (Pm). In SK from group C streptococci (SKC), the generated Pm immediately inactivates it by cleaving at two major sites, Lys59 and Lys386. The present work is aimed to study whether both residues that are conserved in streptokinase of group A streptococci (SKA), were primary sites for Pm cleavage. Site-directed mutagenesis was performed to change both Lys residues to Gln to obtain a mutant SKA (SKA2). The stability of both SKAs was investigated by Western blot analysis in the presence of PG. The radial caseinolysis and chromogenic assays were performed to evaluate whether the substitutions affected the activity and the kinetic parameters. Our results demonstrated for the first time that the SKA2 was more stable than SKA to Pm cleavage at both Lys residues. The substitutions did not affect the binding affinity to PG, but increased the activity, the catalytic rate, and the catalytic efficiency for PG activation to some extent. This study shows that the processing of Lys59 and Lys386 by Pm is an important event in SKA instability against Pm.

Keywords : Streptokinase, Group A streptoccci, Lys59, Lys386, Pm cleavage.