Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 4

Influence of Oil Palm-Fungi Interactions on Soil Microfungal Community and Growth Profile of Plant

Fahimeh Alizadeh1, Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah2,3* and Alireza Khodavandi4

1Department of Microbiology, Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran. 2Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 3Institute of Tropical Agriculture, University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 4Department of Paramedical Sciences, Gachsaran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gachsaran, Iran.

Received on 20 March 2013 and accepted on 02 May 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The density of soil microfungal community and growth profile of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) seedlings were investigated using artificial inoculations of the pathogenic fungus Ganoderma boninense and the symbiotic fungi Trichoderma harzianum and Glomus etunicatum. Because Trichoderma have wide distribution, the isolation frequency of T. harzianum was measured in soil during interaction oil palm with fungi. Additionally, moisture content of the soil was determined. Densities of the soil microfungal community increased in oil palm inoculated with T. harzianum and G. etunicatum. While oil palm inoculated with G. boninense showed a decrease in the density of the soil microfungal community. Isolation frequency of T. harzianum was approximately constant until 21 days postinoculation (dpi) and thereafter decreased when physical symptoms appeared in G. boninense inoculated plants. The frequency of T. harzianum was 100% in T. harzianum inoculated treatment at 3 to 147 dpi, while in G.etunicatum inoculated treatments no significant differences in frequency of T. harzianum were observed. Our data revealed that interactions between oil palm with T. harzianum and G.etunicatum significantly improved the growth of palms. A suppressive influence on growth was observed in the interaction between oil palm and G. boninense. The moisture content of the soil increased significantly in the case of T. harzianum inoculated seedlings. This study clearly demonstrates that density of the soil microfungal community and the associated growth profile of oil palm respond differently depending on the type of interaction. Thus, the density of soil microfungal community could be a useful indicator for early detection and control of Ganoderma disease in oil palm.

Keywords : Elaeis guineensis, Ganoderma boninense, Glomus etunicatum, Microfungal community, Trichoderma harzianum.