Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 4

Brucellosis in Cattle and Occupationally Exposed Human Beings: A Serosurvey in Odisha, India

A. Priyadarshini1, L. N. Sarangi, T. K. Palai2, H. K. Panda, R. Mishra and P. C. Behera2

1Department of Microbiology, 2Department of Biochemistry, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, O.U.A.T., Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India.

Received on 25 June 2013 and accepted on 18 August 2013

 

ABSTRACT

The current serosurvey was carried to illuminate the status of brucellosis in cattle and high risk human beings of Odisha state, India. Serum samples (n= 346) comprising 258 from cattle and 88 from human beings were obtained and processed through RBPT, STAT, and I-ELISA. 87 milk samples were subjected to MRT. Cattle seropositivity by I-ELISA, RBPT and STAT were found to be 8.14%, 4.26% and 2.32% respectively. Milk sample analysis showed 3.44% positivity in MRT. Bull showed higher prevalence than female. In case of human beings the value obtained were 5.68% and 3.41% in RBPT and STAT respectively. The prevalence among veterinary officers, farmers, animal handlers, slaughter house workers and from patients with Pyrexia of Unknown Origin was 0.00, 9.09, 3.70, 12.5, 4.41 and 5% respectively. The current observation provides a baseline prevalence level of brucellosis in cattle and occupationally exposed human beings of Odisha. A broader investigation including small ruminants is required to elucidate the actual prevalence of the disease in the state.

Keywords : Seroprevalence, Brucellosis, RBPT, STAT, I-ELISA, MRT.