Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 4

Physiological and Biochemical Responses of Summer Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to Nitrogen, Sulphur and Rhizobium Combinations

Raziuddin Khan, Nizamuddin Farooqui, Saif Ahmad, Mohammad Othman Aljahdali, Hassan M. Felemban and Arshad Jamal*

Biological Science Department, Rabigh College of Science & Arts, King Abdulaziz University, P.O.Box-344, Rabigh 21911, Saudi Arabia.

Received on 12 October 2013 and accepted on 03 December 2013

 

ABSTRACT

Research experiments were conducted to resolve the physiological and biochemical basis of the effect of nitrogen (N) sulphur (S) and Rhizobium application on summer Arachis hypogaea L. Six treatments were applied in different N and S combination. Nitrate reductase (NR) activity and ATP-sulphurylase activity in the leaves were determined at various phonological stages, as the two enzymes catalyze rate-limiting steps of the assimilatory pathways of nitrate and sulphate, respectively. The highest NR activity, ATP-sulphurylase activity and yield component were achieved with the treatment T4. Slightly differences from this treatment decreased the activity of these enzymes, resulting in decreases of the seed yield in Arachis hypogaea L. The maximum seed yield achieved in Arachis hypogaea L. at treatment T4 could be due to optimization of leaf soluble protein and photosynthetic rate, as these factors are influenced by S and N assimilation.

Keywords : ATP-sulphurylase, nitrate reductase, nitrogen, Rhizobium,sulphur.