Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 7 No. 1

Influence of UV Treatment on a-galactosidase Produced by Lactobacillus plantarum

Bharati Singh1, Deepmala Katiyar1*, Rajveer Singh Chauhan2, Rajesh K. Kharwar3 and Alok Milton Lall4

1Vitaegen Biotech- Educational and Research Institute, Varanasi, India. 2Departments of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India. 3Department of Zoology, Faculty of Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi India. 4Department of Biochemistry & Bioprocess technology, Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad, India.

Received on 05 August 2012 and accepted on 26 September 2012

 

ABSTRACT

Lactose hydrolyzing enzyme, a-galactosidases have been used in the dairy industry for the improvement of lactose intolerance. The aim of this study was to detect a-galactosidase enzyme produced by isolated Lactobacillus Plantarum from milk and cheese and effect of UV treatment on b-galactosidase. Isolated lactobacilli were cultured on MRS agar. Lactobacilli were identified by Gram stain and standard bacteriological and biochemical methods. Their ability to hydrolyze 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-D-galactopyranoside (X-Gal)andO-nitrophenyl-D galactopyranoside (ONPG) was determined. A protein band of indicated a-galactosidase enzyme was also detected by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) method. The colonies that produced greenish blue color on X-Gal plates were lactobacilli with a-galactosidase enzyme which had ONPG positive results. The highest enzymatic value was observed in 15 minutes UV radiation and also to characterize its probable bactericins of Lactobacillus plantarum. By adding Lactobacilli producing a-galactosidase enzyme as probiotic to dairy products, could help lactose intolerant people.

Keywords : a-galactosidase, Lactobacillus Plantarum, UV treatment.