Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

Optimization of Bacteriocin Production by a New Lactobacillus Strain, ZJ317, using Response Surface Methodology

Dafeng Song1,2, Yue Chen2, Muyuan Zhu1 and Qing Gu2*

1State Key Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Key Laboratory for Cell and Gene Engineering of Zhejiang Province, College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. 2Key Laboratory for Food Microbial Technology of Zhejiang Province, Department of Biotechnology, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China.

Received on 20 June 2012 and accepted on 07 August 2012



This work presents a sequential approximate optimization method to achieve accurate and efficient optimization of bacteriocin production by Lactobacillus strain, ZJ317. Initially, a Plackett–Burman design study and a determination of the path of steepest ascent were effective in identifying the most significant factors and approaching the optimum region of the response. Response surface methodology (RSM) was then applied to evaluate the effects of different variables on bacteriocin production. The experimental results were fitted to a second–order polynomial model equation. The optimal values of each variable to achieve the theoretical maximum of bacteriocin activity (1742.77 U/ml) were predicted to be 2.0% (w/v) glucose, 1.02% (w/v) yeast extract and 2.06% (w/v) inoculum volume. The observed experimental value of bacteriocin activity under the predicted optimal conditions was 1883.61 U/ml compared to a pre–optimization value of 1037.19 U/ml, thus showing a marked improvement in the efficiency of bacteriocin production.

Keywords : Lactobacillus ZJ317, Plackett–Burman design, Response surface analysis, Bacteriocins, Optimization, Fermentation.