Journal of Pure and Applied MicrobiologyVol. 6 No. 4

Microbial, Biochemical, Pathogenicity and Molecular Characterization of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae from Pomegranate

P.B. Kale1, V.P. Chimote1, K.S. Raghuvanshi2, A.A. Kale1, A.S. Jadhav1 and S.G. Borkar2

1State Level Biotechnology Centre, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India 2Department of Plant Pathology and Agricultural Microbiology, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India.

Received on 29 April 2012 and accepted on 03 June 2012

 

ABSTRACT

In the present study, an isolate of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae (Xap) from oily spot infested pomegranate orchard of Nashik was subjected to characterization by microbial, biochemical as well as plasmid profiling methods. Microbial studies confirmed that, it is Gram-negative and rod-shaped bacteria with smooth, slightly raised, round, pale yellow coloured colonies. On biochemical analysis the bacterium was positive for Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) strings (Gram-negative), catalase (aerobe), weakly positive in oxidase test (non enteric Gram-negative), liquefied gelatin, hydrolyzed starch and casein. However it was unable reduce nitrate or to produce hydrogen sulphide and indole. Observations of typical characters for genus Xanthomonas includes: inability to utilize Asparagine as a carbon and nitrogen source and inhibition on 0.1% triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTZ) were also recorded. This Xanthomonas isolate was further used for pathogenicity test to confirm virulence, and re-isolated to confirm Koch’s postulate. Plasmid profiling was carried out to confirm the presence of megaplasmids typical of Xanthomonas. Restriction digestion of these plasmids with two restriction enzymes, viz. Hind III and Sac I revealed its size 93.64 kb and 96.18 kb, respectively.

Keywords : Pomegranate, Bacterial blight, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae, Microbial characterization, Biochemical characterization, Plasmid profiling.